His research interests include developments in theoretical and experimental accelerator physics, particle sources, linear accelerators, storage rings and synchrotron radiation sources, with special interests in developing high brightness light sources at short pulse duration.
Conventional particle accelerators fall into one of two main classes: linear accelerators or storage rings. Linear accelerators, also known as linacs, are hollow metal chambers filled with strong electric fields. These fields flip on and off, and with the right timing, charged particles inside the chambers can be propelled forward or backward. The resulting particle beam is dense but has relatively few particles.
In ERLs, particles are initially accelerated by a linear accelerator. Magnets then loop" the particles back to the beginning so that they pass through the linear accelerator again. In CBETA, electrons make eight full passes. On the first four, the electrons gain energy. But after the fourth pass, they arrive out of sync, and the electric field, instead of pushing them forward, slows them down.
In conjunction with the 60th anniversary of CERN, three open access books were published by World Scientific. These books constitute a valuable resource for any teacher or student interested in particle and accelerator physics.
The Science and Technology of Particle Accelerators provides an accessible introduction to the field, and is suitable for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and academics, as well as professionals in national laboratories and facilities, industry, and medicine who are designing or using particle accelerators.
All authors are researchers within the Cockcroft Institute of Accelerator Science and Technology and have extensive experience in the design and construction of particle accelerators, including particle colliders, synchrotron radiation sources, free electron lasers, and medical and industrial accelerator systems.
In-depth industry statistics and market share insights of the Medical Linear Accelerator sector for 2020, 2021, and 2022. The Medical Linear Accelerator research report provides a comprehensive outlook of the market size and an industry growth forecast for 2023 to 2028. Available to download is a free sample file of the Medical Linear Accelerator report PDF.
The activities described below enable students to control the same parameters in a CRT as scientists do at the LHC: creating a particle beam, changing the path of the particles and altering their speed. All four activities could occupy a class for at least half a day, but they could also be used separately in individual lessons. For all activities, the particle accelerator needs to be set up as outlined in the worksheet that can be downloadedw1.
How does this compare to the LHC? The first electrostatic accelerator of the LHC (located inside the proton source) accelerates protons using a potential difference of 90 kV. However, these protons do not reach the velocity that the electrons in the CRT reach with a lower potential. This is due to the higher mass of the protons. Proton accelerators like the LHC, therefore, need more energy to accelerate particles to high speed. 2b1af7f3a8